More humanized; More efficient

Luminaries is designed, manufactured, tested, maintained generally as standards as below angency/institution/orginization:

ANSI;CIE;FCC;IES;UL,etc

The luminaries from KINGLIVING is strictly being operated as standards, or gradually completed...
Lighting Design Standards
Proper workplace lighting design is essential in generating a comfortable and relaxing work setting, and in effect, serving to augment performance and the quality of worker output. Design stipulations for workplace lighting are conditional upon psychological and physiological responses in humans. Read more about the psychological effect of lighting on people in different settings, These standards endeavor to integrate illumination requirements into the design principles of various luminaires in order to optimize necessary lighting practices. Guidelines specific to crime prevention, adherence to security codes, and the protection of persons, are also included.
Recommened Standards and organization

IES DG-10-12

Design Guide for Choosing Light Sources for General Lighting

This Design Guide introduces most of the light sources employed in general and accent lighting luminaires. This updated edition includes more comprehensive technical & performance data on Solid State Lighting (SSL). Additional updates and enhancements for high and low pressure discharge lamp sources have been incorporated into this document, exemplifying their increasing diversity and technological advances while bringing into perspective important comparisons with SSL. For specific application of any light source one should consult the latest IES Lighting Handbook, 10th Edition, other applicable IES publications and manufacturer's lamp, ballast, driver and luminaire catalogs or web sites.

IES DG-18-08

Light + Design - A Guide to Designing Quality Lighting for People and Buildings

Vision and light enable us to understand the physical universe. Light is the portal through which the eye, and thereby the human mind, interacts with the world, and is therefore capable of creating worlds of perception. Based on this understanding of light as a medium, the composition of light in a space can inspire a wide range of psychological and even physiological responses in humans. Throughout the ages, people spent most of their time outdoors and relied on sunlight, moonlight, starlight, firelight. During the day, people had little control over the lighting that they were given from nature, but it was dynamic. The moving sun continually created subtle changes in the landscape, revealing and obscuring texture and detail through light and shadow, color and brightness. Today, people in industrialized nations spend most of their lives indoors and rely on electric light as their medium to interpret architectural environments. Electric light enables designers to control the medium, use it for communication, and thereby inspire different perceptions and achieve a range of functional and aesthetic goals. Good lighting provides sufficient illumination for people to see and perform visual tasks; it can also draw attention, influence social interaction, foster mood and atmosphere, beautify space and architecture, promote safety and security, increase comfort and contribute to task performance. Poor lighting can have the opposite effects.

IES G-1-16

Guideline on Security Lighting for People, Property, and Public Spaces

This document is intended to provide specific guidelines for situations where it has been determined that security is an issue and is an important determining factor in the design or retrofit of a given property.This publication includes specific sections dealing with critical infrastructure and homeland security. In addition, we have incorporated many of the lessons learned and applied by these agencies throughout.

BS EN 40-3-1:2013

Lighting columns. Design and verification. Specification for characteristic loads (British Standard)

This European Standard specifies design loads for lighting columns. It applies to lighting columns of nominal height (including any bracket) not exceeding 20 m. Special structural designs to permit the attachment of signs, overhead wires, etc. are not covered by this European Standard.The requirements for lighting columns made from materials other than concrete, steel, aluminium or fibre reinforced polymer composite (for example wood, plastic and cast iron) are not specifically covered in this standard. Fibre reinforced polymer composite lighting columns are covered in this document, in conjunction with Annex B of EN 40-7:2002.This European Standard includes performance requirements for horizontal loads due to wind. Passive safety and the behaviour of a lighting column under the impact of a vehicle are not addressed. Such lighting columns will have additional requirements (see EN 12767).

This standard is also available from: DIN  /  ON  /  SS


BS EN 40-3-2:2013

Lighting columns. Design and verification. Verification by testing (British Standard)

This European Standard specifies the requirements for the verification of the design of steel, aluminium, concrete and fibre reinforced polymer composite lighting columns by testing. It gives type tests and so does not cover testing for quality control purposes. It applies to lighting columns of nominal height (including any bracket) not exceeding 20 m. Special structural designs to permit the attachment of signs, overhead wires, etc. are not covered by this European Standard.This European Standard includes a simplified method for testing steel and aluminium lighting columns. Refer to EN 40-4 for concrete lighting columns and to EN 40-7 for fibre reinforced polymer composite lighting columns.NOTEFor a more detailed test procedure, refer to Annex D of EN 1990:2002.The requirements for lighting columns made from materials other than concrete, steel, aluminium or fibre reinforced polymer composite (for example wood, plastic and cast iron) are not specifically covered in this European Standard. This European Standard includes performance requirements for horizontal loads due to wind. Passive safety and the behaviour of a lighting column under the impact of a vehicle are not addressed. Such lighting columns will have additional requirements (see EN 12767).

This standard is also available from: DIN  /  ON  /  SS


BS EN 40-3-3:2013

Lighting columns. Design and verification. Verification by calculation (British Standard)

This European Standard specifies the requirements for the verification of the design of lighting columns by calculation. It applies to lighting columns of nominal height (including any bracket) not exceeding 20 m. Special structural designs to permit the attachment of signs, overhead wires, etc. are not covered by this European Standard.The requirements for lighting columns made from materials other than concrete, steel, aluminium or fibre reinforced polymer composite (for example wood, plastic and cast iron) are not specifically covered in this standard. Fibre reinforced polymer composite lighting columns are covered in this standard in conjunction with EN 40-7.This European Standard includes performance requirements for horizontal loads due to wind. Passive safety and the behaviour of a lighting column under the impact of a vehicle are not addressed. Such lighting columns will have additional requirements (see EN 12767).The calculations used in this European Standard are based on limit state principles, where the effects of factored loads are compared with the relevant resistance of the structure. Two limit states are considered:a)the ultimate limit state, which corresponds to the load-carrying capacity of the lighting column;b)the serviceability limit state, which relates to the deflection of the lighting column in service.NOTEIn following this approach, simplifications appropriate to lighting columns have been adopted, These are:1)the calculations are applicable to circular and regular octagonal cross-sections;2)the number of separate partial safety factors have been reduced to a minimum;3)serviceability partial safety factors have a value equal to unity.

This standard is also available from: DIN  /  ON  /  SS